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Flashbacks

African History Headlines

African history headlines & news – What was happening this month in the conflict era of previous years.

If you were expecting the other sort of flashbacks, checkout the section on PTSD.  Music news can be found here

23 February 1979- Operation GROVEL: #Rhodesia air force Canberra bombers struck the major ZIPRA base Nampundwe camp west of Lusaka #Zambia #RhodesianBushWar

23 February 1964:Aftermath of failed coup d'etat of #Gabon President Leon M'ba that was crushed by French troops https://youtu.be/4bVrcy22ZyY via @YouTube

17-20 February 1964: An attempted coup of #France-ally President Leon M'ba in Libreville #Gabon was crushed by French troops rushed in from #Senegal and Brazzaville

23 February 1986: Thirteen convicted, sentenced to be executed by firing squad for the December 1985 coup attempt to overthrow General Ibrahim Babangida #Nigeria https://youtu.be/ZUFobooi4lM via @YouTube

“a beautiful woman — but also a dangerous woman, perhaps the most dangerous in all Africa.”: Overlooked No More: Andrée Blouin, Voice for Independence in Africa https://nyti.ms/38skF87

22 February 1969: Aftermath of Federal #Nigeria bombing of Omoba #Biafra #NigerianCivilWar https://youtu.be/2QDdY27k6qo via @YouTube

22 February 2002: UNITA rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed in Moxico Province #Angola 700 km southeast of Luanda, leading to the end of 27 years of the #AngolanCivilWar

21 February 1961: It was announced 12 former aides of slain #Congo Premier Patrice Lumumba were @executedtoday immediately after being delivered to Bakwanga, now Mbuji-Mayi, in the secessionist Kasai Mining State of Albert Kalonji

After hearing the news of @UN resolution 161, Premier Moise Tshombe of the breakaway #Congo province of Katanga said he was prepared to take up arms against the UN and ordered general mobilisation of his forces 21 February 1961

21 February 1961: A week after the assassination of elected former Premier Patrice Lumumba was revealed, The
@UN Security Council passed Resolution 161 authorizing the use of force to prevent civil war in #Congo

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21 February 2013- Operation SERVAL: French troops killed 20 rebels in street fighting when Islamist fighters launched a surprise attack on Gao in the Niger bend #Mali

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"To replace a white dictatorship with a black one, then slip off back to Whitehall as quickly as possible would be perfidious" said the @TheEconomist as Bishop Muzorewa campaigns for the election in Southern #Rhodesia on 21 February 1980

Ballot boxes under guard near Mt. Darwin #Rhodesia on 20 February 1980; the election was scheduled for three days beginning 27 February

20 February 2016: Faustin Touadera was declared the winner of a run-off election and became President of the #CentralAfricanRepublic

14 February 1980- Operation HECTIC: Selous Scout Church bombings around Salisbury #Rhodesia to discredit ZANLA; Two Selous Scouts were killed when one bomb exploded prematurely #RhodesianBushWar

20 February 1978: Two days after FROLINAT/FAP rebels captured provincial capital of Faya-Largeau from #Chad army, France intervened with Operation TAUCAUD #Tchad #ChadianCivilWar

20 February 1973: Journalist Peter Niesewand became the first white since former Prime Minister Garfield Todd to be arrested under emergency laws #Rhodesia #RhodesianBushWar

19 February 1987-Operation DUIKER: Ron Reid-Daly and the SADF-planned #Transkei raid to assassinate President Lennox Sebe at the Presidential Palace in Bisho #Ciskei

19 February 1988 Oshakati bomb blast:: A 50 lb bomb attributed to SWAPO/PLAN exploded in the First National Bank in Oshakati SW Africa /#Namibia killing 27 people and injuring 70 others #BorderWar

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Battle of Bulawayo February 1981: ZIPRA BTR-152 knocked out by Eland-90 armoured car troop during clashes between ZIPRA and ZANLA guerrillas that left 260 dead; Mugabe was forced to rely on the remaining white-led RAR units in the ZNA to quell the uprising #Zimbabwe #Rhodesia

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19 February 2013- Operation SERVAL: a French Foreign Legionnaire was killed in heavy fighting with Islamist militants in the Ifoghas massif on the #Algeria border #Mali

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#Guinea: Fear of Further Crackdown as Constitutional Poll Nears. Referendum on 1 March could clear way for President to run for a third term which he is barred from doing; 30 killed in protests since October https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/02/19/guinea-fear-further-crackdown-constitutional-poll-nears

19 February 1961: Riots in London outside the #Belgium embassy over the killing of Patrice Lumumba in #Congo and The Belgian embassy in Belgrade was sacked; In 2001, Belgium admitted he was killed by Katangese with active role of Belgian officers http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/19/newsid_2748000/2748931.stm

19 February 1978: #SouthAfrica soldier Johan van der Mescht was captured by SWAPO/PLAN at Elundu near the #Angola border #BorderWar

#Zimbabwe: Violence and Rape by Government Forces after protests beginning 14 January 2019; 17 were killed https://youtu.be/hY6jF7c20Ek via @YouTube

EU Renews #Zimbabwe Arms Embargo, Asset Freeze Against State-Owned Military Company, Zimbabwe Defense Industries, until recommendations of commission into human rights abuses by security forces after 2018 election are addressed https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/02/18/eu-urges-zimbabwe-bring-abusive-security-forces-justice

18 February 1978: Libyan-backed FROLINAT/FAP rebels led by Goukouni Oueddei defeated the #Tchad #Chad army and captured Faya-Largeau, leading to French intervention in Operation TACAUD #ChadianCivilWar

18 February 1965-"There's not a cow in #Gambia that doesn't know me personally": #Gambia, #Africa smallest nation, gained its independence, as former veterinarian David Jawara was named its first Prime minister

18 February 1977: Black troops in the #Rhodesia army training #RhodesianBushWar https://youtu.be/MxNnwaojjpY via @YouTube

Operation SUKOLA: Congolese soldiers of the @FARDC_ after they took control of a ADF rebel camp near Kimbau North Kivu #Congo #DRC #DRCongo on 18 February 2018

18 February 1982: The SAS frigate President Kruger sank off the coast of #SouthAfrica after colliding with the SAS Tafelberg while conducting exercises in the south Atlantic; thanks to @VWSFire for the attached information

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17 February 1982- "The only way to deal effectively with a snake is to strike and destroy its head": Joshua Nkomo was sacked from the unity government along with three other ZAPU ministers #Zimbabwe

Army Generals Running Mining, Fuel Cartels in #Zimbabwe, says a study by @RANDCorporation https://allafrica.com/stories/202002170124.html via @allafrica

17 February 1990- "The wind from the east is shaking the coconut trees": #Gabon President Omar Bongo foretold that upheaval in eastern Europe would lead to unrest and democratic changes in #Africa

17 February 2017: Video purported to show massacre of at least 13 civilians in Kasai Province by @FARDC_ Congolese Army soldiers #Congo https://nyti.ms/2lsFYk5

Operation SERVAL: French Nexter Systems VBCI IFV's at Bourem in the Niger bend in eastern #Mali on 17 February 2013

17 February 1978: At the @UN #Chad accuses #Libya of backing FROLINAT rebels and occupying parts of northern #Tchad https://youtu.be/XGn27-nhJxU via @YouTube

Gunmen have killed 24 people and wounded 18 in an attack on a Protestant church in a village in northern #BurkinaFaso, officials said Monday https://news.yahoo.com/twenty-four-killed-burkina-faso-church-attack-governor-105026257.html?soc_src=hl-viewer&soc_trk=tw via @Yahoo

Operation BISON- "Imbecile, its your fault": French Foreign legionnaires intervened in April 1969 when de Gaulle sent 3,000 soldiers to #Tchad in a military operation to fight FROLINAT rebels 16 February 1970 #Chad

31 Reported Dead in Ogossagou in central #Mali, as Attackers Return to Scene of a Massacre where 150 were killed last March https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/15/world/africa/mali-attack.html

16 February 1991- Return to Sender: In Johannesburg #SouthAfrica, ANC activist and lawyer Bheki Mlangeni was killed by a Vlakplaas security police parcel bomb intended for a former commander Dirk Coetzee

16 February 1990: The Constitutional assembly unanimously elected Sam Nujoma as the first President of #Namibia, which would gain independence on 21 March

16 February 1984: In Lusaka #Zambia, representatives of #SouthAfrica, #Angola and the US agreed to a disengagement plan that would see South African and SWAPO forces removed from an specified area of Angola monitored by a Joint Monitoring Commission #BorderWar

16 February 1976-"We cannot accept a minority regime imposed on our people by Cuban troops and Russian tanks": In a statement, UNITA announced it would continue its armed struggle as guerrilla warfare #Angola #AngolanCivilWar

15 February 1978: After 37 rounds of internal settlement talks, #Rhodesia Prime Minister Ian Smith and three black leaders, Jeremiah Chirau, Elliot Gabellah and Bishop Muzorewa, announced they had reached an agreement on a transfer to black majority rule #RhodesianBushWar

12/15 February 1979- First Battle of N'Djamena: An attempted coup by Prime Minister Hissen Habre saw 500 people killed in three days of street fighting; the coup failed but the Felix Malloum government would be replaced in March #Tchad #Chad

Witness to Operation HOOPER- Johan Kooij February 1988 #BorderWar #Angola https://youtu.be/lDCYLDg5a9k via @YouTube

14 February 1976-"These foul cravens are sending them to their graves": American black leaders criticized right-wing CORE leader Roy Innis, who said he had recruited 300 black Americans to fight for UNITA #AngolanCivilWar

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