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African History Headlines

African history headlines & news – What was happening this month in the conflict era of previous years.

If you were expecting the other sort of flashbacks, checkout the section on PTSD.  Music news can be found here

"To replace a White dictatorship with a black one, then slip off back to Whitehall as quickly as possible would be perfidious" said @TheEconomist as Bishop Muzorewa campaigns for the election scheduled for the next week in Southern #Rhodesia 21 February 1980

20 February 2016: Faustin Touadera was decalared the winner of a run-off election and became President of the #CentralAfricanRepublic

20 February 1973: Journalist Peter Niesewand became the first white since former Prime Minister Garfield Todd to be arrested under emergency laws #Rhodesia

19 February 1961: Demonstrators protesting the killing of #Congo Patrice Lumumba clashed with Police outside #Belgium embassy in London; In 2001, an inquiry in Belgium found his execution was carried out by Katangan policemen overseen by Belgian officers

18 February 1977: Black troops training for the #Rhodesia army via @YouTube

17 February 1979: #SouthAfrca troops in SW Africa/#Namibia raided by SWAPO guerrillas via @YouTube

16 February 1990: The Constitutional assembly unanimously elected Sam Nujoma as the first President of #Namibia

16 February 1976- "We cannot accept a minority regime imposed on our people by Cuban troops and Russian tanks": In a statement, UNITA announced it would continue the armed struggle as guerrilla warfare #Angola

16 February 1984: After three days of meetings in Lusaka #Zambia, #SouthAfrica and #Angola agreed to a Joint Monitoring Commission to oversee disengagement of forces

15 February 1979: An unsuccessful putsch led by Prime Minister Hissen Habre against President Felix Malloum left over 500 dead in street fighting in the capital of N'djamena #Chad #Tchad

Roy Innis, who as director of CORE in 1976 recruited black Americans to fight for Savimbi in #Angola, brawls on the Geraldo show with white supremacist John Metzger in 1988 for calling him an "Uncle Tom" via @YouTube #BlackHistoryMonth

14 February 1976- "These foul cravens are sending them to their graves": American black leaders criticized CORE director Roy Innis' efforts to recruit black Americans to fight for #SouthAfrica-backed UNITA and Jonas Savimbi in #Angola #BlackHistoryMonth @_themovementisu

13 February 1979- Battle of Simba Hills: Idi Amin's troops were routed again on the road to Masaka #Uganda #Tanzania

DR #Congo: Post-Election Killings Test New President

Operation Hooper: Four #SouthAfrica soldiers were killed and three injued when Ratel 22C was destroyed by tank fire, all the casualties on the 14 February 1988 attack #Angola

14 February 1988- Operation Hooper: The Valentines Day attack on FAPLA 59 Brigade at Cuito Cuanavale #Angola #SouthAfrica

13 February 1975: MPLA fighters loyal to Agostinho Neto attacked the HQ of the Chipenda faction in Luanda, forcing them to flee the capital #Angola

12 February 1979: 59 people were killed when a Air Rhodesia Vickers Viscount was shot down by ZIPRA guerrillas near Kariba, #Rhodesia

11 February 1976: The UNITA HQ town of Silva Porto, now Kuito, fell to Cuban-backed MPLA forces #Angola

11 February 1990: Nelson Mandela was released from prison #SouthAfrica via @YouTube

The 15 foot wide crater in the road left by the bomb explosion as Robert Mugabes motorcade passed on the way to the airport after a rally in Fort Victoria #Rhodesia on 10 February 1980 #Zimbabwe

10 February 1980: After a @ZANUPF_Official rally in Fort Victoria, an assassination attempt on Robert Mugabe by the #Rhodesia SAS failed when a bomb exploded in his motorcade #Zimbabwe

9 February 1980- "The Governor can go hang": @ZANUPF_Official candidate Enos Nkala, was banned from the election campaign by Lord Soames for incitement #Rhodesia #Zimbabwe

"We didn't even fire a peashooter" said Maj. Gen. David Kreil as police dispersed thousands of student rioters with tear gas in Soweto #SouthAfrica on 9 February 1977; At least 176 were killed by police in Soweto riots in June 1976

9 February 1977: Ian Smith and John Vorster met in Cape Town #SouthAfrica for first talks since Kissinger agreement in September #Rhodesia via @YouTube

9 February 1976: #Cuba -backed MPLA/FAPLA forces captured the central #Angola city of Huambo, the UNITA/FNLA capital

8 February 1980: Electoral officials under Colonial Governor Lord Soames reported that due to widespread intimidation by Robert Mugabes guerrillas, in half of the country campaigning by other parties had become impossible #Rhodesia #Zimbabwe

7 February 1975: MPLA President Agostinho Neto arrives in Luanda #Angola after 14 years in exile via @YouTube

MPLA President Dr Agostinho Neto arrives in Luanda #Angola after 14 years in exile 7 February 1975

"When you hear a missionary preaching you think he is filling your people with imperialist ideas and suddenly you'd like to kill him": seven white missionaries slain by guerrillas at St Pauls Mission at Musami 7 February 1977 #Rhodesia

Nelson Mandela campaigning in Tweespruit in the Orange Free State #SouthAfrica 6 February 1994

6 February 1976: The notorious mercenary commander known as Colonel Tony Callan was captured, along with five other mercenaries, by Cuban/FAPLA forces near Quibocolo in northern #Angola

A MPLA/FAPLA T-34 tank crossing a pontoon bridge over the M'Bridge River in in northern #Angola as #Cuba /Angolan forces advanced towards Santo Antonio de Zaire (now Soyo) on 5 February 1976

4 February 1961: A MPLA raid on Luanda's Sao Paulo prison and radio station that killed seven policemen and 40 attackers began the armed struggle against #Portugal's colonial rule in #Angola

The funeral of slain #Mozambique Liberation movement #FRELIMO founder Eduardo Mondlane in Dar es Salaam #Tanzania ; he was assassinated by a mail bomb blast on 3 February 1969

3 February 1969: Dr. Eduardo Mondlane, founder of #FRELIMO #Mozambique liberation movement, was assassinated by a mail bomb in Dar es Salaam #Tanzania

3 February 1960: British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan made his "Wind of Change" speech before the Volksraad in Cape Town #SouthAfrica which foretold the independence of African colonies #Rhodesia

4 February 1980: President Mobutu Sese Seko declared opposition political parties would not be tolerated "as long as he was alive" #Congo

A rally for the @MYANC in Alexandra township, Johannesburg #SouthAfrica on 3 February 1990 after de Klerk's announcement legalising the ANC and release of political prisoners

2 February 1990- "The season of violence is over. The time for reconstruction and reconciliation has arrived": #SouthAfrica President FW de Klerk announced the legalisation of @MYANC, PAC and Communist party and political prisoners would be released

2 February 1976- Witness to Maquela Massacre of 14 Mercenaries by Col Callan: Peter McAleese describes the massacre and follow up Inquiry with Holden Roberto and execution of Sammy Copeland #Angola via @YouTube

Moise Tshombe meets with #Congo Minister and former Premeir Joseph Ileo in Elisabethville on 1 February 1963 a week after the end of the Katanga rebellion; the @UN released a report that its forces lost 127 killed since the ONUC mission began in July 1960

Mercenaries led by "Colonel Callan", a Cypriot-born British national whose real name was Costas Georgiou, in January 1976; Holden Roberto hired several hundred mercenaries as the FNLA position collapsed in early 1976 #Angola

Holden Roberto reviews FNLA troops #Angola; The FNLA was considered the best disciplined and armed guerrilla group at the start of the civil war in 1975

Mercenaries arrive at Heathrow Airport London as they head to #Angola to fight for Holden Robertos FNLA 31 January 1976

30 January 1979: In a referendum, 85% of the white electorate agreed to the internal settlement with black leaders which provided for limited black rule with safeguards for whites #Rhodesia #Zimbabwe

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