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Flashbacks

African History Headlines

African history headlines & news – What was happening this month in the conflict era of previous years.

If you were expecting the other sort of flashbacks, checkout the section on PTSD.  Music news can be found here

22 September 1960- Proclamation de l'indépendance du Mali; The Sudanese Republic, formerly French Sudan, declared its independence from France as Republic of #Mali https://youtu.be/tgQwHlgEHvw via @YouTube

23 September 1989- 'Its a sacred monument, not something for the apes to climb atop" said one AWB man as blacks and whites clashed at AWB rally at Paul Kruger statue in Pretoria #SouthAfrica; blacks had climbed the statue at a protest the week before

#Gambia President Yahya Jammeh after voting in Banjul on 22 September 2006; Jammeh was re-elected with 67% of vote. He had seized power in a 1994 coup and would rule until surprisingly losing a December 2016 election and be forced into exile

Mass Democratic Movement anti-apartheid rally in Durban #SouthAfrica on 22 September 1989 attracted 15,000; MDM, made up of ANC and UDF supporters, defiance campaign was accompanied by a COSATU work stay away by 3 million workers

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23 September 1967: Colonel Victor Banjo, commander of the ill-fated #Biafra invasion of the #Nigeria midwestern region,
@executedtoday shot at dawn along with three others for treachery and sabotage #NigerianCivilWar

20 September 1967: #Nigeria Troops re-captured Benin in mid-western region, abandoned by retreating Biafran soldiers; #Biafra had invaded the region on 9 August but were now in full retreat to Niger River bridge #NigerianCivilWar https://youtu.be/b8iZlp87yAw via @YouTube

15-25 September 1993: @UN Security Council resolution 864 called for a fuel and arms embargo on UNITA rebels in #Angola unless they agreed to a cease-fire within ten days; the embargo went into effect on 25 September #AngolanCivilWar

#CentralAfricanRepublic 'Emperor' Bokassa was released from jail after seven years despite being sentenced to death in 1987; Andre Kolingba released him after losing first round of elections in August. Ange-Felix Patasse won second round on 19 September 1993 and became President

22-26 September 1998: South African soldiers and Ratels in a wrecked Maseru #Lesotho during widespread looting; 85 soldiers and civilians were killed in the fighting https://youtu.be/1JEhxepdaXk via @YouTube

A #SouthAfrica soldier pulls a dead comrade from a military vehicle during fighting in #Lesotho on 22 September 1998; nine SANDF soldiers were killed on first day when troops were sent in to Lesotho to quell political turmoil

22 September 1967: Colonel Victor Banjo, commander of the ill-fated #Biafra invasion of the #Nigeria mid-western region, @executedtoday shot at dawn along with three others for treachery #NigerianCivilWar

"Anybody who stands in our way will be treated as a rebel" said 2nd Division commander Lt Col Murtala Mohammed, future #Nigeria ruler, from the mid-western region capital of Benin on 21 September 1967 after it was re-occupied from retreating Biafrans #NigerianCivilWar

Operation OAU: Federal soldier with a anti-tank bazooka on the road from Aba to Biafran capital of Umuahia on 21 September 1968; #Nigeria troops had captured Aba and Owerri earlier in the offensive #NigerianCivilWar

21 September 1979- Operation BARRACUDA: A French-backed coup d'etat deposed Jean-Bedel Bokassa and returned David Dacko to power in #CentralAfricanRepublic

21/23 September 1976: Ian Smith met with his cabinet and Parliament in Salisbury #Rhodesia to discuss a response to the #Britain/US Kissinger peace plan #RhodesianBushWar

#Namibia President Sam Nujoma on his first visit to #Angola, with President Eduardo dos Santos in Lubango on 18 September 1990

‘Hotel Rwanda’ Hero, in Jailhouse Interview, Says He Was Duped Into Arrest https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/17/world/africa/paul-rusesabagina-rwanda-interview.html?smid=tw-share

20/24 September 1978- Operation SNOOPY: RLI/SAS heliborne and para assault on ZANLA Chimoio Circle base 100 km inside #Mozambique #rhodesianBushWar

Operation SNOOPY: damage to RhAF Canberra by ground-fire during the RLI assault on sprawling ZANLA Chimoio Circle base in #Mozambique on 20 September 1978; by 1978, RhAF had only five of its original 18 Canberras still operational #RhodesianBushWar

20 September 1975: antiwar demonstration in Lisbon #Portugal; two days before Portuguese High Commissioner announced Portuguese troops had begun to withdraw from #Angola #AngolanCivilWar https://youtu.be/bNTEBC2-plM via @YouTube

20 September 1961- Operation MORTHOR: After eight days of fighting, @UN and Katanga President Moise Tshombe announced a cease-fire #Congo #CONGO60

20 September 1978: Prime Minister of #SouthAfrica John Vorster announced his resignation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n0yuvIQHoLw&feature=youtu.be

Secessionist #Katanga President Moise Tshombe at the funeral of @UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold in Ndola Northern #Rhodesia, present day #Zambia , on 20 September 1961 #Congo

19 September 1976: Ian Smith and Henry Kissinger at their meeting at the American Embassy in Pretoria #SouthAfrica #rhodesianBushWar https://youtu.be/3aLrS6s-FfQ via @YouTube 19

19 September 1976- "One of the great tragedies of the modern world": US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and #Rhodesia Prime Minister Ian Smith met in Pretoria #SouthAfrica for day long talks on his five-point peace plan #RhodesianBushWar

18-20 September 1964- Simba Rebellion: In Nairobi #Kenya, the Congo Reconciliation Commission met to mediate the revolts in #Congo #CONGO60 #SimbaRevolt

18 September 1989: Presidents of seven African nations #Zimbabwe #SaoTome #Zaire #Congo #Mozambique #Gabon #Zambia attended #AngolanCivilWar peace talks in Kinshasa; Jonas Savimbi refused to attend due to renewed fighting and had disavowed the June 'golden handshake' agreement

18 September 1969- "You're going to move because you must follow the Government's instructions": 1,500 Tangwena tribesman were forcibly evicted from their ancestral home under the segregationist 1930 Land Apportionment Act, which reserved the area for White's only #Rhodesia

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18 September 2000: An attempted putsch in Côte d'Ivoire #IvoryCoast failed; In October, military ruler Robert Guei, who seized power in a coup the previous December, would reluctantly lose an election to Laurent Gbagbo https://youtu.be/4gk-chIPrDM via @YouTube

18 September 1979- Operation BOXER: the SADF 4 Recce/ #Rhodesia SAS raid on Beira harbor #Mozambique sank two dredgers #RhodesianBushWar

14-18 September 1961- Siege of Jadotville: After a four-day ordeal, 158 Irish @UN troops surrendered to Katangese forces in Jadotville, 100 km northwest of Elisabethville; one mercenary, one Katangese and two civilians were killed, five Irish and eight Katangese wounded #CONGO60

18 September 1961: @UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold was killed, along with 12 others, in a plane crash at Ndola airport in Northern #Rhodesia, now #Zambia, heading for peace talks with Moise Tshombe #CONGO60

18 September 1989: Four @executedtoday in Burkina Faso, including the No 2 and no 3 men in the military regime, with immediate effect for the attempted overthrow of Blaise Compaore #BurkinaFaso http://www.executedtoday.com/2009/09/18/1989-henri-zongo-and-jean-baptiste-boukary-lengani/

17 September 1976: US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger met #SouthAfrica Prime Minister John Vorster in Pretoria, their second sit-down in two weeks after meeting in Zurich on 4-6 September #RhodesianBushWar

16 September 1987- Operation MODULAR: Second attack on 47 Brigade south of the Lomba RIver #Angola #SouthAfricanBorderWar

Operation MODULAR: Defence Minister Magnus Malan, State President PW Botha and Jonas Savimbi at 20 Brigade HQ in Mavinga #Angola on 16 September 1987 #SouthAfricanBorderWar

A child plays in the churchyard of Nyamata #Rwanda on 16 September 1994; 600 were massacred in the church on 10 April 1994, and his parents are among 50,000 buried in Nyamata, site of a memorial to the #Rwanda genocide #Kwibuka26

#SouthAfrica Prime Minister John Vorster and #Transkei leader Chief Kaiser Matanzima sign documents in Pretoria on 16 September 1976 as a prelude to 'independence' for the black homeland in October

#Ghana @UN ONUC troops prepare defenses in Leopoldville, now Kinshasa, #Congo on 16 September 1960 after an Army coup d'etat removed Premier Patrice Lumumba #CONGO60

"If you fail we shall reach a point of no return. God help your mission" #Zambia President Kaunda told Henry Kissinger in Lusaka on 16 September 1976; Kissinger's peace mission to Africa would culminate with delivering his plan to Ian Smith on 19th September #RhodesianBushWar

#Zimbabwe- #Rhodesia Prime Minister Abel Muzorewa attending services in London during the Lancaster House peace conference on 16 September 1979 #RhodesianBushWar

16 September 1968- Operation OAU: #Nigeria federal troops captured the Biafran town of Owerri, leaving only one major town left in #Biafra control, Umuahia #NigerianCivilWar

15 September 1961: Mercenary Bob Denard arrived in Elisabethville #Congo to fight for Tshombe's Katanga; His mercenary career in Africa would continue until a failed coup attempt in the Comoros in 1995 #CONGO60

15 September 1961 "I'd never thought I'd see the day when one plane would stop the US and the whole @UN ": Pierre Magain and the Katanga 'air force' Fouga Magister marauder #CONGO60

US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger meeting #Tanzania President Julius Nyerere in Dar es Salaam on 15 September 1976 for talks concerning his peace plan for #Rhodesia and independence for SW Africa #RhodesianBushWar

14 September 1976: #Rhodesia Prime Minister Ian Smith meets #SouthAfrica Prime Minister John Vorster in Pretoria on the KISSINGER PLAN which would be presented to him in five days #RhodesianBushWar

Former #Liberia President Charles Taylor describes his 'release' from prison in the US on 15 September 1985 at his trial in The Hague on 15 July 2009 at 34.30; "Upon my release. Well I'm calling it my release because I didn’t break out" at 50.48 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MYijSfoKW5o

15 September 1985: Charles Taylor 'escaped' from Plymouth House of corrections in Massachusetts USA; he had been detained since 1984 on a international arrest warrant requested by #Liberia on embezzlement charges from which he fled in 1983

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