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Flashbacks

African History Headlines

African history headlines & news – What was happening this month in the conflict era of previous years.

If you were expecting the other sort of flashbacks, checkout the section on PTSD.  Music news can be found here

Battle for Ndjamena: A Libyan Mi-25 helicopter shot down during the week long #Libya/GUNT Gov't forces of Goukouni Oueddi assault on #Chad capital from 8 December to 16 December 1980

15 December 1978: In the first universal sufferage election in South-West Africa/ #Namibia, the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance won 41 of 50 seats in the assembly #SouthAfrica; SWAPO boycotted

15 December 1989 "The conspiratorial core inside the UDF apple": three senior figures in the UDF, including Popo Molefe, convicted of treason were freed on appeal on a technicality #SouthAfrica

14 December 1998- "#Angola has become a gigantic corpse filled with diamonds and bleeding oil": @Global_Witness
released a report claiming UNITA still bankrolled its war effort with illegal diamond revenue despite @UN banning import of conflict diamonds

14 December 1998- "#Angola has become a gigantic corpse filled with diamonds and bleeding oil": @Global_Witness released a report claiming UNITA still bankrolled its war effort with diamond revenue despite @UN resolution banning import of conflict diamonds

Operation SANGARIS: French soldier with FN Minimi/M249 LMG atop a Panhard VBL on patrol in Bangui #CentralAfricanRepublic on 13 December 2013

Battle of Bangui: Seleka presidential guard soldiers in a pick up in Bangui #CentralAfricanRepublic on 13 December 2013

Operation UNOKAT: Train derailed by shell fire during fighting between @UN troops and #Katanga rebels outside Elisabethville #Congo on 14 December 1961

14 December 1964- "God's masterpiece": Kenya's Parliament opened and President Jomo Kenyatta unveiled a statue of himself in Nairobi #Kenya @bonifacemwangi

"I take full responsibility from myself downwards- but not those above-not anymore": Vlakplaas commander Eugene de Kock testifying before the TRC on the 14 December 1989 Motherwell car bomb that killed three policemen and a askari #SouthAfrica

Lt Eugene de Kock, a co-founder of police counter -insurgency unit Koevoet, in SW Africa #Namibia in 1979 #SouthAfrica

14 December 1989: Three security policemen and a askari were killed in a Vlakplaas #carbomb blast near Motherwell #SouthAfrica; Vlakplaas members would be convicted for the killings

14 December 1962: The new Rhodesian Front Party Won 35 of 50 of "A" roll seats to win a working majority; Winston Field became the new Prime Minister of Southern #Rhodesia

13 December 1961- Operation UNOKAT: three civilian workers of the @ICRC were killed when their ambulance was hit by gun and bazooka fire from @UN UNOC Ethiopian soldiers #Congo

13 December 1980: UNITA announced it had shot down a Soviet transport plane over southwestern #Angola and displayed photos of two Soviet airmen it said it had captured

Battle of Bangui: Displaced people waited for food and supplies on 13 December 2013 after fighting in the last week drove an estimated 159,000 people from their homes in Bangui and killed 600 in #CentralAfricanRepublic

@ModernConflict Antoine Gizengais one silent political giant of Congolese politics. Even at the time of his death this year in February, the man still had energy for Congolese Politics.

#Rhodesia Prime Minister Ian Smith at the central oil depot in Salisbury where a ZANLA rocket attack started a fire that raged for six days and destroyed 25 million gallons of fuel 13 December 1978

13 December 1988: The Brazzaville Protocol was signed by #Angola, #SouthAfrica and #Cuba agreeing on independence for #Namibia to begin 1 April 1989 and phased withdrawal of Cuban forces over 27 months

13 December 1980: Former Premier Milton Obote was declared the winner In the first elections in #Uganda since 1962; he became only the second dictator to be elected after being overthrown

13 December 1975- Operation Savannah: Four #SouthAfrica soldiers were captured at the Battle of Bridge 14 near the Nhia River in #Angola

12 December 1995: The International Criminal Tribunal #Rwanda (ICTR) announced its first indictments of 8 individuals for GENOCIDE and CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY for the murder of tens of thousands of people, including 12,000 at Gatwaro Stadium in Kibuye April 1994 #Kwibuka25

12 December 1960: Antoine Gizenga declared himself Premier and announced a rival government in Stanleyville, the third province to secede; the men who mattered in #Congo in December 1960

12 December 1960: Antoine Gizenga declared himself Premier and announced a rival government in Stanleyville, the third province to secede; the men who mattered in #Congo in December 1960

12 December 1995: The International Criminal Tribunal #Rwanda (ICTR) announced its first indictments of 8 individuals for GENOCIDE and CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY for the murder of tens of thousands of people, including 12,000 at Gatwaro Stadium in Kibuye April 1994 #Kwibuka25

12 December 1975: In the final major engagement of SAVANNAH, a SADF/UNITA mechanized column routed Cuban/FAPLA forces at Battle of Bridge 14 in central #Angola #SouthAfrica

South African sappers repairing Bridge 14, which had been blown by FAPLA during their retreat; two sappers were killed by artillery fire two days before the Battle of Bridge 14 December 12 1975 #SouthAfrica #Angola

Commander Alberto Colome Ibarra (center with glasses), who commanded FAPLA/Cuban forces at Battle of Bridge 14 on 12 December 1975, pictured with a group of #Cuba officers in late 1975 #Angola

Operation SAVANNAH: Burnt out wreckage of FAPLA land rover, shot up by SADF during battle of Bridge 14 #Angola on 12 December 1975

Operation SANGARIS: French Panhard VBL light armoured vehicle in Bangui #CentralAfricanRepublic during mission to protect civilians and disarm Seleka and Anti-Balaka militias December 2013

Battle of Bangui: an angry crowd tries to prevent FOMAC peace keeping soldiers from evacuating trapped Muslim clerics from St Jacques Church in Bangui #CentralAfricanRepublc; 450 died in sectarian clashes in the city 12 December 2013

12 December 1974: Released in November after a decade of detention for unity talks in Lusaka #Zambia, Joshua Nkomo and Ndabaningi Sithole return to Salisbury #Rhodesia in triumph https://youtu.be/RRynaK7sZzk via @YouTube

10 December 1980-"They are trying to figure out how to rig it": Ugandans went to the polls for the first time since the overthrow of Idi Amin in April of 1979 #Uganda to choose a new Parliament and President

Battle of Bangui: African peace keeping soldiers watch as several of the estimated 450 killed in sectarian fighting between Anti-Balaka and Seleka militias in Bangui are buried on 11 December 2013 #CentralAfricanRepublic

2 December 1990: After a three week journey from #Sudan, General Idris Deby's rebel army marched unopposed into Ndjamena, #Chad #Tchad, toppling Hissen Habre from power

11 December 1974: Prime Minister Ian Smith announced a unilateral cease-fire and release of about 100 detained nationalists #Rhodesia #Zimbabwe

Two #SouthAfrica Eland-60 armoured cars, modified French Panhard AML, on patrol in the Caprivi Strip in SW Africa/#Namibia

11 December 1978: ZANLA guerrillas raided the fuel depot outside Salisbury, firing rockets that set fire to fuel containers and starting a blaze that would burn for eight days and consume months of #Rhodesia valuable oil reserves

5-13 December 2013- Battle Of Bangui: Anti-Balaka militia attacked Bangui, the capital of the #CentralAfricanRepublic, resulting in at least 600 killed in sectarian fighting, 159,000 refugees and French military intervention

11 December 1979-The end of #Rhodesia: The #Zimbabwe Rhodesia parliament voted to repeal the 1965 UDI, dissolved and Rhodesia reverted back to colonial rule by #Britain as Southern Rhodesia http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/11/newsid_3950000/3950445.stm

10 December 2013 - Operation SANGARIS: Two French soldiers were killed during street fighting in Bangui #CentralAfricanRepublic between Seleka and Anti-Balaka militia https://youtu.be/KZBA-BApjYQ via @YouTube

Operation UNOKAT: The burnt out Lancia in which Father Michel Gagna was killed by fire from a @UN Swedish Scania Vabis armoured car on 10 December 1961 Elisabethville #Congo

Battle of Bangui: A Christian Anti-Balaka chases a Muslim Seleka officer with a knife near Bangui airport #CentralAfricanRepublic during clashes between sectarian mobs on 9 December 2013

Operation Sangaris: French soldiers on the streets of Bangui #CentralAfricanRepublic on 9 December 2013 during fighting between Seleka and Anti-Balaka militia

10 December 2012: The #CentralAfricanRepublic Civil War began when Seleka rebels seized several towns in the far north of the country

10 December 1948 #HumanRightsDay : The @UN General Assembly adopted the 31 articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights @UNHumanRights @hrw

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